R. McDonald
Butterworth-Heinemann | 0750680156 | 2006 | PDF | 240 pages | 9 Mb



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DESCRIPTION


Building and architecture has developed a language of its own, with terms and jargon that can confuse an expert let alone an outsider. Misunderstandings over what a word means can be irritating but unimportant, but could in the worst cases be costly or even dangerous.

Traditional building dictionaries rely on the reader to already know what the correct word is, and that's not always the case. Roxanna McDonald's technique is radically different, and makes full use of the power of visual communication to convey information. Each stage of the building and design process is illustrated, and each hand-drawn illustration is carefully labelled with the relevant technical terms, to ensure that each term is used correctly and consistently by everyone working on a project.

The 'Illustrated Building Pocket Book' is a radical approach to the age-old problem of the ambiguous use of technical language in building and architecture. By using drawings - which leave little room for ambiguity - clarity, safety and certainty can be achieved.

* Detailed hand-drawn images explain what terms mean and show how to use them
* Logical progression though the building process
* Avoid costly and dangerous misunderstandings about what is meant by building jargon


LIST OF CONTENT


I. GENERAL ARCHITECTURE

Design
Module proportions 3
Dimensional coordination 4
Drawing representation 5
Volumes and shapes 6
Drawing techniques
Drawing practice – dimensions, grid lines 7
Drawing practice – scale and representation 8
Drawing equipment 9
Drawing instruments 10
Computer drawing 11
Building types
Classical temple 16
The Classical orders 17
Classical ornament and enrichment 18
Mediaeval ornament 19
Mediaeval castle 20
Styles compared 21
Timber framed buildings 22
Typical parish church 23
Gothic cathedral 24
Traditional house 25
Mass-produced house 26
Residential buildings 27
Rural buildings 31
Traditional farm buildings 32
Elements
Entrances 33
Outside/inside 36
Traditional windows 37

II. CONTROLS
Legal aspects
English land law 41
Sunlight and daylight 42
Administration
Planning control 43
Planning approvals 44
Construction control 45
Building control in London 46

III. CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
Financial aspects
Development 49
Development funding methods 50
Estimating and cost control 51
Project execution
Project design 52
Project construction 53
Building contracts 54

IV. THE BUILDING SITE
General
Setting out 57
Accurate survey 58
Survey equipment 59
Non-destructive survey: method 1 60
Non-destructive survey: method 2 61
Plant and equipment – cranes 62
Plant and equipment – excavation 63
Scaffolding – patent 64
Scaffolding – independent 65
Concrete plant 66
Power tools 67
Soldering 68
Tools 69

V. THE BUILDING FABRIC
Foundations
Strip foundations 73
Stepped foundations 74
Continuous column foundations 75
Piled foundations 76
Retaining walls 77
Steel column foundations 78
Shoring and underpinning 79
Superstructure – external walls
Brick wall construction 80
Brickwork 81
Bonding of brickwork 82
Brick arcade 83
Brick types 84
Effects of damp 85
Stone 86
Stone fa├žade 87
Stone walling 88
Ashlar 89
Cladding 90
Curtain wall cladding 91
GRC cladding 92
Superstructure – internal walls
Partitions 93
Interior 96
Superstructure – roofs
Construction:
Pitched roof construction 97
Types of pitched roofs 98
Traditional timber roof types 99
Trusses 100
Bolt and connector trusses 102
Lean-to half truss 103
Truss rafter assembly 104
Carpentry joints 106
Cross timber joints 107
Traditional scarf joints 108
Timber mouldings 110
Flat roofs 111
Roof coverings:
Roof covering types 112
Slate 113
Plain tiling 114
Pantiling 115
Thatch 116
Traditional timber shingles 117
Roof openings and weatherproofing:
Roof openings 118
Dormer windows 119
Skylights 120
Chimneys 121
Weatherproofing – lead sheet 122
Weatherproofing – flashings and aprons 123
Lightning conductor 124
Rainwater pipes 125
Superstructure – stairs
Types of staircases 126
Traditional timber staircases 127
Special stairs and escalators 128
Lifts 129
Superstructure – chimneys
Fireplaces 130
Fireplace accessories 131
Superstructure – floors
Timber floor construction 132
Timber floors – trimmed opening 133
Trimming to timber floors 134
Panel and angle joints 135
Concrete floors 136
Reinforced concrete floors 137
Ceilings – timber joists 138
Suspended ceilings 139
Space for services 140
Raised floors 141
Superstructure – openings in walls
Doors 142
Traditional windows – sash 146
Traditional windows – casement 147
Ironmongery – knobs and latches 148
Ironmongery – bolts and handles 149
Ironmongery – locks 150
Ironmongery – hinges 151
Superstructure – fixings
Metal fixings – ties 152
Metal fixings – joist hangers 153
Metal components – expanded steel mesh 154
Metal components – lintels 155
Nails and screws 156
Bolts and plugs 157
Finishes
Plasterwork tools 158
Wattle and daub 159
Stucco 160
Decorative plasterwork 161
Interior walls – dry lining 162
Timber finishes 163
Panelling 164
Carpets 165
Glazing
Stained glass 166
Flat glass 167
Glazing systems 168
Services – drainage and plumbing
Drainage 169
Underground drainage 170
Plumbing, water supply and waste systems 171
Sanitary pipework 172
Lavatory pans and cisterns 173
Plumbing connections 174
Water heating 175
Services – electrical
Electricity – supply and wiring 176
Electricity – accessories 177
Electricity – track wiring 178
Outdoor lighting 179
Electrical fitting 180
Electricity – lightbulbs 181
Services – heating
Heating systems 182
Central heating – hot water 183
Radiators 184
Air conditioning 185
External works/landscaping
Earthworks – kerbs 186
Irrigation and screening 187
Fencing 188
Trees 189
Grading, turf laying 190
Plant care, outbuildings 191

VI. THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
Global warming and the Greenhouse effect
Global warming and the Greenhouse effect 195
Sustainable ‘Green’ buildings
Sustainable ‘Green’ buildings 196
Bioclimatic design 197
Materials efficiency – waste management 198
Energy efficient design: alternative sources of energy 199
Building at risk: natural disasters
Earthquake 201
Extreme weather: hurricanes, lightning 204
Mass movement: subsistence, landslides 207
Floods 212
Volcanoes 213

REFERENCES 215
INDEX 217


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