T. Kirk
Princeton Architectural | 1568984200 | 2005 | PDF | 256 pages | 10 Mb

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This groundbreaking and authoritative two-volume survey is the first truly comprehensive history of modern Italian architecture and urbanism to appear in any language. Told in lively prose, it recounts more than 250 years of experimentation, creativity, and turmoil that have shaped the landscape of contemporary Italy. Volume I: The Challenge of Tradition, 1750-1900, explores the dynamic balancing of forces demanded by a reverence for Italy's unparalleled architectural patrimony and a desire for new means of expression and technological innovation. From the neoclassical fantasies of Giovanni Battista Piranesi to the spectacular steeland-glass gallerias of Milan and Naples, it reveals an underappreciated history of richness and complexity. The Architecture of Modern Italy is exhaustively illustrated with rare period images, new photography, maps, drawings, and plans. With Colin Rowe's Italian Architecture of the 16th Century, it provides a nearly complete overview of the history of Italian architecture.

About the Author
Terry Kirk is a professor of architectural history at the American University of Rome.


Chapter 1
Architecture of the Italian Enlightenment, 1750–1800
The Pantheon Revisited 14
Rome of the Nolli Plan 20
Alessandro Galilei and San Giovanni Laterano 22
Nicola Salvi and the Trevi Fountain 24
Luigi Vanvitelli and the Reggia at Caserta 28
Fernando Fuga and the Albergo dei Poveri 40
Giovanni Battista Piranesi 47
Giacomo Quarenghi 59
The Grand Tour and the Impact of Archeology 62
Collecting and Cultural Heritage 65
The Patronage of Pope Pius VI 73
Giuseppe Piermarini and Milan in the Eighteenth
Century 77
Venice’s Teatro La Fenice and Conclusions on
Neoclassicism 83

Chapter 2
Napoleon in Italy, 1800–1815
Napoleon’s Italic Empire 86
Milan 91
Venice 98
Turin 101
Naples 105
Trieste 107
The Neoclassical Interior 110
Rome 112
Napoleon’s Interest in Archeology 120
Political Restoration and Restitution of Artworks 123
Napoleonic Neoclassicism 125

Chapter 3
Restoration and Romanticism, 1815–1860
Giuseppe Jappelli and the Romantic Ideal 126
Villa Rivalry:The Borghese and the Torlonia of Rome .136
Italian Opera Stage Design and Theater Interiors 143
Antonio Canova’s Temple in Possagno 147
Pantheon Progeny and Carlo Barabino 153
Romanticism in Tuscany 156
Alessandro Antonelli 160
Construction in Iron 166
Architectural Restoration of Monuments 169
Revivalism and Camillo Boito 176

Chapter 4
Unification and the Nation’s Capitals, 1860–1900
Turin, the First Capital 186
Florence, the Interim Capital 190
Naples Risanata 196
Milan, the Industrial Capital 199
Cathedral Facades and Town Halls 204
Palermo and National Unification 217
The Last of Papal Rome 219
Rome, the Capital of United Italy 222
Monumental Symbols of the New State 231
A New Urban Infrastructure for Rome 241
A National Architecture 246
Rome, a World Capital 252
Bibliography 260
Credits 275
Index 276


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