Princeton Architectural Press | 1568984367 | 2005 | PDF | 256 pages | 31 Mb

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This groundbreaking and authoritative two-volume survey is the first truly comprehensive history of modern Italian architecture and urbanism to appear in any language. Told in lively prose, it recounts more than 250 years of experimentation, creativity, and turmoil that have shaped the landscape of contemporary Italy. Volume II: Visions of Utopia, 1900-Present, tracks the development of Italy's architectural avant-garde through the upheavals of the twentieth century. Beginning with the development of Italian art nouveau - "stile liberty" - and moving through futurism, fascism, rationalism, and on to the creative experimentation of the present day, it explores the work of such pivotal figures as Raimondo d'Aronco, Antonio Sant'Elia, Adalberto Libera, Giuseppe Terragni, Pier Luigi Nervi, Gio Ponti, Carlo Scarpa, Aldo Rossi, and Renzo Piano. The Architecture of Modern Italy is exhaustively illustrated with rare period images, new photography, maps, drawings, and plans. With Colin Rowe's Italian Architecture of the 16th Century, it provides a nearly complete overview of the history of Italian architecture.

About the Author
Terry Kirk is a professor of architectural history at the American University of Rome.


Chapter 5
Architects of the Avant-Garde,1900s–1920s
The International Exhibition of Decorative Arts,
Turin, 1902 14
Stile Liberty: Pietro Fenoglio, Giuseppe Sommaruga,
Ernesto Basile 19
Socialized Public Housing 26
Neo-Eclecticism: Giulio Ulisse Arata,Aldo Andreani,
Gino Coppedè 28
Titanic Visions of Industry: Dario Carbone, Gaetano
Moretti, Ulisse Stacchini 34
Antonio Sant’Elìa:Architectural Visionary 43
Futurism 51
Paris 1925 63

Chapter 6
Architecture during the Fascism Regime,1922–1944
The Return of Neoclassicism 69
Italian Rationalism: Gruppo 7 & Giuseppe Terragni,
MIAR & Adalberto Libera 74
Marcello Piacentini, the Mostra della Rivoluzione Fascista,
and the University of Rome 84
Fascist Party Architecture: Casa del Fascio 95
Mussolini Made the Trains Run on Time 102
The Competitions for the Palazzo del Littorio 109
Industry, Empire, and Autarchy 114
Fascist Urbanism 120
Foro Mussolini and the Fascist Culture of Sport 128
E42 133
Fascist Architects and Modern Architecture 137

Chapter 7
Postwar Reconstruction,1944–1968
War Memorials 146
Continuity with Prewar Work 149
Transforming Stazione Termini 153
The Housing Crisis 156
Neo-Realism 159
Luigi Carlo Daneri and Le Corbusier’s Influence 161
Adriano Olivetti’s Last Efforts 164
Two Towers for Milan: Ponti’s Pirelli vs. B.B.P.R.’s Velasca 166
History’s Challenge to the Modern Movement 174
Giovanni Michelucci’s Sacred Architecture 185
Pier Luigi Nervi’s Engineering Solutions for Architecture 190
1960s Urbanism and Megastructures 196
Carlo Scarpa 199

Chapter 8
Italian Architecture for the Next Millennium,1968–2000
After Modernism:Aldo Rossi, Gino Valle, Paolo Portoghesi,
and Mario Botta 208
Between Theory and Practice: Franco Purini,Vittorio
Gregotti, and Manfredi Nicoletti 223
Archeology and Abusivismo 229
Rebuilding La Fenice 233
Architecture in the Service of Culture 237
Renzo Piano Building Workshop 244
Rome 2000 253
Bibliography 258
Credits 273
Index 274


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